Klonopin addiction is a chronic and progressive illness that is characterized by an inability to control use despite harmful consequences. Klonopin addiction and long-term use can change the structure and function of the brain. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) uses the term “addiction” to describe compulsive drug-seeking behavior that continues to occur regardless of problems it may be causing 1.
Klonopin addiction entails not only physical dependence on Klonopin to function normally, but a psychological dependence that prompts compulsive use of the drug. Klonopin is a widely used brand of the drug clonazepam, which is a benzodiazepine commonly prescribed for seizures and panic attacks. Klonopin addiction can seriously impair one’s daily functioning and lead to a plethora of physical and mental health problems as well as relationship and financial difficulties 2.
This article will address the following information about Klonopin addiction:
- Signs and symptoms of Klonopin addiction.
- Rehab for Klonopin addiction.
- Cost of treatment and how to finance it.
- Why do people become addicted?
- Long-term effects of Klonopin abuse.
- Find a treatment program.
Signs and Symptoms of Klonopin Addiction
Klonopin withdrawal can be uncomfortable and distressing.Because of its potential for abuse, Klonopin is a controlled substance (DEA Schedule IV). It is only meant to be prescribed for short-term use, as long-term use can lead to dependence even in those who take it as prescribed. Because of its euphoric and sedating effects, many people abuse the drug and take it in doses higher than prescribed, take it in a way other than prescribed (snorting, crushing pills, etc.) or combine it with other drugs or alcohol in order to intensity effects 3.
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Long-term use of Klonopin also results in physical and mental withdrawal symptoms when use slows or stops. These symptoms occur because the brain and body have become dependent on the drug to function normally. Klonopin withdrawal can be uncomfortable and distressing; many people attempting to quit will relapse and start using again in order to control or lessen symptoms 2,3.
There are many signs and symptoms that may occur when a person becomes addicted to a substance such as Klonopin. These symptoms may be behavioral, physical, or psychological. Someone who is addicted to Klonopin may demonstrate the following behavioral signs and symptoms 4:
- Taking Klonopin in higher doses or for a longer time period than originally intended.
- Continuing to use Klonopin despite social or relationship problems it may be causing.
- Failing to cut down on Klonopin use despite a persistent desire to do so.
- Spending a significant amount of time obtaining Klonopin, using Klonopin, or recovering from its effects.
- Missing out on important personal and professional activities as a result of Klonopin use.
- Continuing to use Klonopin in hazardous situations, such as while driving.
- Continuing to use Klonopin in spite of the physical and mental problems it may be causing or worsening.
- Failing to meet obligations at work, school, or home as a result of Klonopin use.
- Secretive behaviors surrounding Klonopin use.
- “Doctor shopping,” or seeking prescription from multiple doctors.
Physical and psychological signs that a person may be abusing Klonopin include 3,4:
- Frequent mood swings or changes.
- Poor hygiene.
- Appetite changes.
- Sleep disturbances.
- Lack of interest in activities one use to enjoy.
- Persistent drowsiness.
- Memory problems.
- Slurred speech.
- Impaired judgment.
- Coordination problems.
- Unsteady gait.
- Uncontrolled eye movements.
- Impaired attention.
- Strong cravings to use Klonopin.
- Physical tolerance marked by no longer achieving the desired effect from the initial dose and having to take more to achieve intoxication.
- Withdrawal symptoms with cessation of use. These may include tremors, excessive sweating, anxiety, vomiting, insomnia, anxiety, or seizures.
Rehab for Klonopin Addiction
While Klonopin addiction can be debilitating, it is treatable and many people recover with proper treatment and care. It is never too late to seek recovery. While some people are able to successfully quit using Klonopin on their own, addiction treatment programs can be beneficial because they offer components such as:
- Psychotherapy: Most addiction treatment programs offer individual psychotherapy. Therapy can help people uncover the unconscious psychological reasons behind their Klonopin addiction as well as teach techniques for better coping with stress and managing drug cravings when they arise.
- Group counseling: Group counseling sessions provide patients with the opportunity to develop sober social skills while listening to and sharing stories about addiction.
- Medical care: Medical care can be incredibly beneficial to a patient in recovery, especially during the detox phase. Doctors can provide health care and medications to help ease withdrawal symptoms and maintain overall health as one recovers from Klonopin addiction. Because Klonopin is often prescribed for anxiety and related disorders, other non-habit forming medications may be given to help treat these conditions.
- Peer Support: Treatment programs typically facilitate support group participation, including regular 12-step meeting attendance amongst the support of peers who are facing similar addictions and struggles.
- Structure: The structure and routine of an addiction treatment program can help people recover from Klonopin addiction by providing stability and time management. Something as simple as staying busy can do wonders for a person who may be battling constant drug cravings throughout the day.
- Relapse Prevention: According to NIDA, 40-60% of addicted persons will relapse at some point 1. Treatment programs typically create aftercare plans for patients to help prevent relapse. This may include peer support and sponsorship programs, sober-living communities, employment assistance, and recreational activities.
There are many different treatment programs available to those suffering from Klonopin addiction. Just as each person is unique, so is his best course of treatment. No treatment is superior to another. What’s important is that a person’s addiction treatment meets his unique individual needs, values, and belief systems. Some of the many treatment options available for Klonopin addiction include:
- Medically-assisted detox: Due to painful and potentially life-threatening withdrawal symptoms that occur when a person stops using Klonopin, it is safer for a person to slowly taper their dosage over time under proper medical supervision.
- Inpatient treatment: Inpatient rehabilitation takes place in a residential setting for a designated period of time, typically ranging from 28-90 days, but in some cases longer. Inpatient treatment allows people to focus exclusively on recovery without the stressors and triggers of the outside world. Inpatient treatment may include detox programs, cognitive-behavioral therapy, counseling, support groups, 12-step programs, as well as other treatment modalities.
- Outpatient treatment: Outpatient rehabilitation typically offers similar treatment regimens to inpatient facilities, except care takes place on a part-time, rather than a full-time basis. Outpatient programs allow people to receive the treatment and care they need while remaining active in their daily lives and fulfilling any school, work, or personal obligations they may have outside of treatment.
- Luxury rehab: Luxury rehab programs are inpatient programs that offer a variety of posh amenities and services to patients, such as private rooms, gourmet meals, massage, spa treatments, swimming pools, or hot tubs.
- Executive rehab: Executive treatment programs are inpatient programs that cater to executives who wish to continue working while in recovery. Amenities include private workrooms, high speed internet, and phones.
- 12-step programs: 12-step programs, such as Narcotics Anonymous (NA), are designed to provide a step-by-step process toward recovery amongst the support of peers.
- Holistic treatment: There are many holistic or alternative treatment options that may be beneficial to those suffering from Klonopin addiction. These programs include a combination of traditional approaches and complementary approaches, such as yoga, meditation, acupuncture, massage therapy, nutrition services, art and music therapy, nature therapies (horseback riding, gardening, taking walks in nature), and exercise.
- Dual Diagnosis: Dual-diagnosis treatment can be beneficial for those suffering from a Klonopin addiction and co-occurring mental health disorder. Because many people often begin using Klonopin as a means of coping with an anxiety disorder or other mental health problem, dual-diagnosis treatment can be useful for treating these conditions.
- Specific population programs: There are many treatment programs available that are geared toward meeting the needs of specific populations. Some of the many populations that have treatment-specific programs include adolescents, LGBTQ, veterans, men-only, women-only, and faith-based.
Cost of Treatment and How to Finance it
There is no one set price for Klonopin addiction treatment. The costs of treatment can vary greatly depending on several factors, such as:
- The type of treatment program (inpatient, outpatient, luxury, etc.).
- The duration of the program.
- The location of the treatment facility.
- The amenities provided by the treatment program.
- Your insurance coverage.
If you have insurance coverage, call your insurance company to learn more about your insurance coverage and Klonopin addiction treatment options.
Those who are uninsured or underinsured should not let finances become a barrier to treatment. Nothing is more important than your health, happiness, and sobriety. There are many things that you can do to finance your addiction treatment. Some ways that you may be able to cover the costs of rehab include the following:
- Personal savings: Choosing to use your personal savings to cover addiction treatment may be the best decision you ever make. Recovering from addiction is a life-changing event that is truly priceless. Once you have recovered, you can always earn more money and save later.
- Friends and family support: Reach out to your network of friends and family to see if any can donate or loan you money to cover the treatment costs. Many of your loved ones may be glad to show their support in seeing you get the help you need.
- Crowdfunding campaign: If you’d like to reach out for the support of multiple friends and family members at once, consider launching a crowdfunding campaign to take donations from your loved ones to cover your treatment costs. Popular crowdfunding websites include GoFundMe and IndieGoGo.
- Sliding scale rates/payment plan: Many treatment facilities offer sliding rates based on your income level as well as payment plan options for those struggling to cover the financial costs of treatment.
- Credit card or personal loan: You may also want to consider covering your treatment costs using a credit card or personal loan. Just make sure that you choose an interest rate and payment plan that you can reasonably afford so you don’t get yourself into a financial bind when you finish the treatment.
Why Do People Become Addicted?
Klonopin addiction is a multi-faceted condition that is caused by several biological, social, and psychological factors, rather than one specific cause. Some of the many factors that can play a role in the development of Klonopin addiction include the following:
- Genetics: Because addiction is a multi-faceted illness, scientists will never pinpoint any single addiction gene. However, there are some genetic factors that may increase a person’s susceptibility to addiction. For example, some people may feel an increased reward response to a certain substance compared to other people 5. It is estimated that 50% of an addiction to a sedative, such as Klonopin, can be contributed to DNA 6.
- Environmental risk factors: There are several environmental factors that can increase a person’s risk of addiction. These include the following 7,8:
- Parental substance abuse.
- Peer substance abuse.
- Poor academic performance.
- Adverse childhood experiences (neglect, abuse, household mental illness or incarceration, etc.).
- Mental health conditions: People diagnosed with mood and anxiety disorders are twice as likely to suffer from substance use disorders than the general population 9. Someone who is addicted to a sedative, such as Klonopin, has an increased risk of antisocial personality disorder, bipolar disorder, depression, and anxiety 4.
- Trauma: Childhood traumas and post-traumatic stress are highly correlated with drug abuse and addiction. According to the National Child Traumatic Stress Network, as many as 59% of youth diagnosed with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) will develop a substance addiction 10.
Long-term Effects of Klonopin Abuse
There are several other consequences of drug addiction in general that may impact a person who is struggling with Klonopin addiction. Addiction is a progressive condition that can worsen over time and lead to adverse effects. Long-term Klonopin abuse can negatively impact a person’s mental, physical, and social health. Some potential adverse consequences of long-term Klonopin use include the following 4,11:
- Memory problems.
- Suicidal thoughts and/or attempts.
- Emotional blunting or numbness.
- Cognitive impairments.
- Increased risk of accidents.
- Increased risk of overdose, particularly when combined with other CNS depressants, such as alcohol.
- Decreased respiratory and heart rate.
- Protracted withdrawal symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, and insomnia, lasting several months.
There are several other consequences of drug addiction in general that may impact a person who is struggling with Klonopin addiction, such as:
- Relationship and familial problems (divorce, loss of friends, etc.).
- Child neglect.
- Legal problems.
- Financial issues.
- Poor performance in school or work.
- Job loss.
- Loss of self-esteem.
Find a Treatment Program
Klonopin addiction is a serious condition that can impact a person’s physical and mental well-being as well as his social and professional life. It is never too late to seek recovery and find sobriety. For more information on Klonopin addiction recovery options, call our hotline today at 1-888-439-3435 Who Answers? .
- NIDA. (2014). The Science of Drug Abuse and Addiction: The Basics.
- U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2010). Clonazepam.
- FDA. (2013). Medication Guide: Klonopin.
- American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
- University of Utah: Genetic Science Learning Center. Genes and Addiction: Susceptibility Does Not Mean Inevitability.
- Bevilacqua, L., Goldman, D. (2009). Genes and Addictions. Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 85(4), 359-361.
- Youth.Gov. Risk and Protective Factors.
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2016). Adverse Childhood Experiences.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse. (2010). Comorbidity: Addiction and Other Mental Illnesses.
- National Child Traumatic Stress Network. (2008). Making the Connection: Trauma and Substance Abuse.
- Longo, L., Johnson, B. (2000). Addiction: Part I. Benzodiazepines—Side Effects, Abuse Risk and Alternatives. American Family Physician, 61(7), 2121-2128.